The interior stairs are one of the most classic constructive elements in the world of the History of Art and that finally become decorative without losing its usefulness. Basically, we talk about stairs that actually rise from a constructed space to another (that is, they continue to meet the main requirement of their very nature) but that they evolve in such a way that they constitute an element of ornamentation more, becoming, the principal of a stay. That is to say, we exclude in this sense false stairs, which lead nowhere and became popular a few decades ago. They were constructive trompetojo and visual trick that tried to transmit spaces that did not exist.
But within the authentic stairs we find one of the most well-known elements of art history, with masterpieces by authors such as Michelangelo or Bernini. These authors dedicated themselves in the Renaissance and the Baroque to twisting the interior space thanks to the masterful use of the bays and to a structure of the forms that gave off messages and feelings. Without a doubt we speak of admirable works, authentic icons of Art. But is it possible to reproduce some of those sensations on the stairs of design houses? The answer must be, affirmatively.
The first thing we must do to install an "artistic interest" staircase in design houses is to decide the philosophy of it. That is to say, if we want a solid staircase or a hollow, in whose vain we can put other different elements that serve as adornment or, mainly, like spaces of storage. It is not a trivial matter, since from this first decision will be derived all subsequent ones to take.
The first impulse may be to take advantage of the empty spaces to introduce places of storage (that never surpass in a house, although of design). But we must think carefully, because with this option what we would do would be to recharge, perhaps in excess, the compositional nature of the whole. So we should not be guided by the first impulse.
What materials do we use?
The most common in these cases is to use warm materials, wood or stucco of light colors, and that also fit with the whole of the contents in the house. In this way, if we have an interior space made of wood we should opt for a staircase with a similar character, exactly the same as if we have a loft type scheme, with high ceilings and minimalist white appearance we would have to have a staircase that would continue with such aesthetics.
However you have to keep in mind that the ladder is a place of transit, so it not only has to be "pretty" but also comfortable and safe. It is of no use to us that our composition is ideal and of great aesthetic effect if it turns out that we hardly use it because it is really complicated to climb and, above all, to descend by it.
As for the way anything we say will be little less than a toast to the sun, because here what we will have is to adapt to the same house, and not the other way around. If we try to square the space for our staircase and not our stairway for space we are planting the seed of a place that is not very welcoming, which can house different elements very spectacular but that will lack any kind of harmony.
This refers mainly to the choice between direct stairs and those in the form of "he" that make a break in the middle of the climb. There are, of course, other compositional forms on the stairs. Surely, of them, the most used is the "spiral staircase". Actually these types of stairs have several advantages. The first and fundamental is of a spatial nature, since they occupy very little space and allow to resolve the passage from one plant to another in a simple and functional. In addition, they have a very great aesthetic potential and several compositional possibilities, so they will not necessarily create the same effect in all the places where they appear. As negative elements we can point out the difficulty of its construction and the fact that they may not be too comfortable without adequate internal space.
Sometimes when space is narrow the solution used is to create a very narrow spiral staircase. It is a practical solution, but it can become so overwhelming in its transit that it ends up by pushing the inhabitants of the house to not make proper use of all the heights by not going up or down by it. That is why it is important to consider all these factors before embarking on the construction of a spiral staircase.
We can also mention here the stairs with a "U" shape, which are similar in concept to those that have a "he" shape only that halfway up they climb back on themselves. They are usually steeper, and have, as a rule, a more classical appearance.
That the steps are the fundamental elements of a ladder may seem obvious to anyone. But, curiously, it is something that we endeavor to forget in a habitual way, leaving us blinded by other elements perhaps more striking, more aesthetically attractive. If we just look at the latter and install some uncomfortable steps we will actually be ruining, in a fatal way, the stairs.
The usual measure of the step is about thirty centimeters, while the counter step (the height of the step) is about eighteen centimeters. Both elements are equally important. A narrow stairway will create an impression of narrowing, and it will be dangerous especially in its descent, while one with the passage too long will be uncomfortable and will not efficiently take advantage of the space of the house.
As for the contrapas, choosing the right height is fundamental. Above it, each step will be a real odyssey, while underneath people with joint problems will suffer in excess. Although it seems to the contrary both situations are equally harmful. That is, smaller steps do not involve much simpler steps.
Steps of all forms
Again here we must refer to comfort. The ladder may be a decorative element in design houses, but it is about a functional element, and as such it must act. Thus, the steps and their construction has to be, above all, comfortable, and from there, what the imagination dictates.
A few years ago ladders with steps that only covered half the space, that is, steps for the right leg and steps for the left leg, became fashionable. There have also been transparent steps that create the effect of being ascended by air; Steps made in smooth planks with gaps between them, so that there is air between the heights of the same.
And even uneven steps, different from one another. This effect can be achieved very simply, for example, combining wooden stairs and different colors of decoration, better if it is with a vintage tone which achieves a very fashionable effect.
Integrating stairs and furniture
Can you imagine that the stairs of the design houses go through the worktop? Well, even if you do not believe it, we're talking about a trend in modern houses. And that is that integrating the stairs in the furniture is an increasingly followed trend that has so many fans as detractors. Whether a staircase passes through a table or a worktop is a very striking idea and can be extremely attractive in the aesthetic, but before you take the step of launching it you have to be clear that you want. Remember what we have said so many times: the ladder is an element of utility, not only with an aesthetic character.
And the railings?
There had been a few years in which it seemed that the banisters, balustrades and railings were completely forgotten on the interior stairs. These elements are undermined by the minimalist character, almost of zen design, and that has been fashionable for a long time. Nowadays these elements are much less abundant than in the past, but they continue to appear. Of course, with some special features. In other words, if we resorted to a railing on an indoor staircase it has to be for a reason, and that reason must also have an adequate aesthetic response. That is, it will not only be a railing, but a railing of a certain material with a certain aesthetic and a particular design. The return to the classic sieved by the vision of modernity, that is the railings today. Although we also distinguish a new trend, which is to dispense with rails and opt for the void.
¿Baroque or minimalism?
Obviously, this decision has to be personal in every home. The trend seems to be to an extreme minimalism, where the stairs are confused with the environment and do not stand out by aggressive colors and constructive character very striking.
But there are also modern works with extremely baroque stairs, almost mannerist, that work perfectly in their proper context. The choice has to be personal and can not only understand the staircase but all the elements of the home.